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DNA – The study reveals that ancient Egyptians were Europeans, not Africans!
Scientists who analyzed ancient DNA from Egyptian mummies. They found that they predominantly shared genes with people from Europe, not Africa, as they previously believed. The first such study on mummies dating from 1400 to 400 years after the new era. She discovered that the Egyptians were closely related to the Levant population. Current Turkey, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Israel.
They are also genetically similar to the Neolithic population from the Anatolian Peninsula and from Europe.
The Egyptians were associated with the Persians, Rome and Greece.
Where were all European white people. This revolutionary study has used recent advances in DNA sequencing techniques. To examine the mummy genetics more closely. Study, published in Nature Communications. She discovered that modern Egyptians, who are actually only Arab attackers. They have more of a common origin with sub-Saharan Africans than they had in ancient Egyptians. The data show that modern Egyptians, at the nuclear level, share about 8 percent more ancestors with sub-Saharan Africans than with ancient Egyptians.
Egypt is a promising site for studying ancient populations.
Because he was a world trade center. This is probably the reason why the ancient Egyptians had such a diverse genetic heritage. The authors of the University of Tibingen and the Max Plank Institute of Human History in Jena said.
The history of the Egyptian population is complex because it is on the way to the African continent.
He has suffered many historical reversals. He told MailOnline Director of Human History at Max Planck and lead author of the study, Professor Johannes Kraus. Ancient Egypt in the first millennium before the new era was dominated by many foreign powers. This team’s research involved the discovery of Egyptian genetic history. By comparing DNA samples taken from both modern and ancient people.
The researchers aimed to establish a comprehensive genetic database.How to study the ancient past of Egypt for the first time.
How was the study conducted ???
Mummified human DNA is usually difficult to study. Because of the chemical treatment of the body before mummification, and because of the warm environment in which they are kept. But the new genetic techniques he used to enable them to study mummified DNA more detailed than ever before. The team took samples from a 151 mummified individual from the Abusir el-Melek archaeological site.Along the Nile River in central Egypt.The team compared this ancient Egyptian DNA with genome samples from contemporary Egyptians. In order to analyze the differences in genetic composition. In the last 1,500 years, Egypt has become genetically more African. While the ancient Egyptians showed that they almost do not have a sub-Saharan African origin. To have a close relationship with ancient Middle Eastern and European populations.
Why is it difficult to extract DNA mummy ???
Although some of the earliest extracts of ancient DNA were from mummified remains. Scientists have previously raised doubts as to whether genetic data from the mummies would be reliable. Even if they could be collected. A hot Egyptian climate. High levels of moisture in many tombs and some of the chemicals used in mummification techniques contribute to DNA degradation. Therefore, scientists have assumed that long-term DNA survival in Egyptian mummies is unlikely. Making genetic data of mummy unusable. Using recent advances in modern genetic technology.
The new study succeeded in extracting accurate DNA data from three ancient Egyptian mummies.
And usable DNA segments of 90 mummies. The team used the next generation of methods. ,Sequencing to read the parts of any DNA present in the sample. And they recover those that resemble human DNA. Complete reading enabled the team to identify the harmful faces associated with the ancient DNA alone. This study results make it much more reliable than any previously performed DNA mummy research. Extracting reliable nuclear DNA from Egyptian mummies is a truly revolutionary advancement in genetics.
Which opens the door to more detailed studies of mummified remains.
Professor Alexander Pelcer, from the University of Tibingen, said. We were particularly interested in reviewing the changes and continuity in the genetic makeup of the ancient inhabitants Abusir el-Melek. We wanted to test whether the conquest of Alexander the Great and other foreign powers left a genetic mark on the ancient Egyptian population. The team wanted to determine whether the investigated ancient population had been hit. At the genetic level, by foreign conquests and domination during the observed time period.
And they compared that population with the modern Egyptian population.
The study found that ancient Egyptians were closest to the ancient populations of Levant. (Today’s Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Israel and Lebanon). That they were also closely linked to neolithic populations from the Anatolian Peninsula and from Europe. Co-author Volfgang Hack, a group leader at the Max Planck Institute, added. The genetics of the Abusir el-Melek community did not go through some major changes during the 1,300-year period we were studying. What indicates that the population remained genetically relatively unaffected by foreign conquests and rule.
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